オスマン帝国（オスマン朝）支配下の領域の都市で行なわれた芸術音楽が今のトルコ共和国時代になってもイスタンブル（トルコ語: İstanbul、英語でのつづり：Istanbul、日本語では「イスタンブール」という表記もあるけど、ここではイスタンブルと書きます）などの都市に伝わっている。トルコ古典音楽（トルコ語：Klasik Türk mûsikîsi）やトルコ芸術音楽（トルコ語：Türk sanat müziği、省略して頭文字を取ってTSM）等と呼ばれている。
1. An instrumental form in Turkish Classical Music. With the exception of a few basic usûls, they are always composed in the major usûls, and every section is called a hâne, after each of which comes the section called the mülâzime. Although according to some sources state that peşrevs may include up to 15 hânes, from the 16th century on the genre became fixed and is generally composed with four hânes.
2. An instrumental opening played by the duo of davul and zurna at wrestling competitions.
Pesrev is the highest form of instrumental work. Pesrevs are founded on sections called Hane, which are usually four in number. Some old pesrevs comprised of only three hanes are known, but this type of pesrev did not remain popular and was abandoned. Each hane ends with a section called a teslim; however, pesrevs with no teslim are also encountered. Pesrevs are composed using the majors. The first movement of the fasil performance genre is a pesrev.